The cult of Ix Chel, the Mayan goddess of fertility , San Gervasio is the most important archaeological site of Cozumel island. As in other cases, the toponym maya is unknown; its name derives from the name of the saint of the owner of the ranch where is located the site.
Its origins are from the early Classic (300 A.D. ) when functioned as a settlement of small proportions, and that it could be the largest of the island. In the year 600 AD began a process of rapid growth of the city, attested to by the emergence of architecture and perishable best quality in its construction, aso as a possible strengthening of its relations with coastal sites of northern Quintana Roo. During the terminal classic period (1000 – 1200 A.D. ) were the Itzaes who ruled the island and from this point controlled trade between Yucatan and the region of Ulua.
In San Gervasio is observed six structures. The whole Handyman, was probably the residence of Ah Hulneb, Mr Itza of Cozumel, so-called by the impressions of human hands that are preserved on the interior walls of the main building. To the east of the whole a small temple known as the Mayan name of Chichán Nah or “Little House”.
Ka’Na Nah (Casa Alta), is the largest of the structures of the site. It is believed that this building was at the center of a possible temple to the goddess IxChel. In the back of the building is a cenote -of several that exist in the deposit-, which is thought served as a source of drinking water for the population.
The Central Square, consists of a set of rectangular buildings ordered and arranged in the manner of a roman forum.
Nohoch Nah (Big House), is a circular building that still preserves its roofing. They have also been preserved some interior finishes painted in ochres and blue.
All bats, it is a irregular basement formed by a group of small buildings with some resemblance to the Central Square. It was the first building to be built. And the Ramonal, formed by three architectural groups, a residential area, an Acropolis pyramid and two basements.
For those who visit Cozumel is an attractive moved up to San Gervasio, where you can observe the natural and cultural environment in which they lived the original inhabitants of the island , as well as their integration to the prehispanic regional economic life.